Maintaining the beauty and longevity of hardwood floors requires regular care and attention. ET Handyman following a few simple steps, you can keep your floors looking pristine for years to come. Start by sweeping or vacuuming regularly to remove dirt and debris that can scratch the surface. Avoid using harsh chemicals and instead opt for a pH-neutral cleaner specifically designed for hardwood floors. Wipe up spills immediately to prevent staining or warping. Place protective pads under furniture legs and use rugs or mats in high-traffic areas to minimize wear. Finally, consider refinishing or resealing your floors every few years to restore their original luster. With proper maintenance, your hardwood floors will remain a timeless and elegant feature of your home.

Here are some tips to maintain your hardwood floors 

Regular Cleaning:

Regular cleaning is an essential aspect of maintaining hardwood floors. It involves the routine removal of dirt, dust, and debris that can accumulate on the surface and in the crevices of the wood.

Sweeping or vacuuming the floor on a regular basis is the first step in this process. Using a soft-bristle broom or a vacuum cleaner with a hardwood floor attachment helps prevent scratches and damage to the surface. It is important to avoid using a beater bar or brush attachment, as they can potentially scratch the wood.

By sweeping or vacuuming, you effectively eliminate loose particles that can act as abrasives and cause scratches over time. This practice should be done at least once a week or as needed depending on the amount of foot traffic in the area.

Regular cleaning not only keeps the floor looking clean and presentable but also prevents the accumulation of dirt and debris that can cause wear and tear on the finish of the hardwood. It is a simple yet crucial step in maintaining the overall appearance and longevity of your hardwood floors.

Avoid Excessive Moisture:

Avoiding excessive moisture is vital for maintaining hardwood floors as water can cause significant damage to the wood. Here’s a detailed explanation of how to avoid excessive moisture:

  • Clean up spills immediately: Any spills on the hardwood floor should be promptly cleaned up. Standing water or prolonged exposure to moisture can seep into the wood, causing it to warp, swell, or even develop mold and mildew. Use a dry cloth or paper towel to absorb the spilled liquid and ensure the area is completely dry.
  • Slightly damp mop or hardwood floor cleaner: For deeper cleaning, you can use a slightly damp mop or a hardwood floor cleaner specifically formulated for wood surfaces. Avoid saturating the mop or the floor with excessive water. The mop should be only slightly damp to prevent water from seeping into the wood. Wring out excess water thoroughly before mopping.
  • Avoid excessive water or steam cleaners: It’s important to steer clear of using excessive water or steam cleaners on hardwood floors. Excessive moisture can penetrate the wood, causing it to swell, warp, or even lead to cupping. Steam cleaners can generate excessive heat and moisture that can damage the wood and compromise the finish. Stick to using damp or slightly moist cleaning methods instead.

By being vigilant about cleaning up spills immediately, using a slightly damp mop, and avoiding excessive water or steam cleaners, you can prevent moisture-related damage to your hardwood floors and ensure their longevity and beauty for years to come.

Use Appropriate Cleaning Products:

Using appropriate cleaning products is essential for maintaining the integrity and appearance of hardwood floors. Here’s an explanation of why it’s important to choose the right cleaning products and follow the manufacturer’s instructions:

pH-neutral cleaner: Hardwood floors require gentle cleaning solutions with a pH-neutral formula. pH-neutral cleaners are specifically designed to be mild and gentle on wood surfaces, preventing any potential damage or discoloration. These cleaners effectively remove dirt, grime, and residue without stripping away the protective finish of the floor.

Avoid harsh chemicals, ammonia-based cleaners, or wax-based products: Harsh chemicals and ammonia-based cleaners can be abrasive and can strip away the protective finish or even discolor the wood. Similarly, wax-based products can create a buildup on the surface, making the floor slippery and difficult to maintain. It’s best to steer clear of these products to avoid potential damage.

Manufacturer’s instructions: Each hardwood floor may have specific recommendations from the manufacturer regarding cleaning products. It’s crucial to follow these instructions to ensure that you’re using the right products for your specific type of hardwood flooring. The manufacturer’s instructions may also include guidelines on dilution ratios, application methods, and frequency of cleaning.

By using pH-neutral cleaners specifically designed for hardwood floors, avoiding harsh chemicals and wax-based products, and following the manufacturer’s instructions, you can effectively clean your hardwood floors without causing any harm or compromising their appearance and durability. It’s always best to consult the manufacturer or flooring professional for specific product recommendations and guidelines based on your hardwood flooring type.

Protect from Scratches:

Protecting hardwood floors from scratches is crucial for maintaining their pristine appearance. Here’s an explanation of how to implement effective scratch prevention measures:

  • Protective pads or felt glides: Placing protective pads or felt glides under the legs of furniture helps to create a barrier between the furniture and the hardwood floor. These pads or glides act as cushions and reduce the friction and pressure that can cause scratches when furniture is moved or shifted. They also prevent the legs from directly coming into contact with the floor, minimizing the risk of scratches.
  • Lift furniture instead of dragging: When moving furniture across hardwood floors, it’s essential to lift it rather than dragging it. Dragging furniture can create deep scratches, particularly if there are any sharp edges or rough surfaces. By lifting the furniture and carrying it to the desired location, you eliminate the risk of scratching the floor surface.
  • Use area rugs or mats: Placing area rugs or mats in high-traffic areas, such as entryways, hallways, or beneath dining tables, provides an additional layer of protection for the hardwood floor. These rugs or mats act as a barrier, capturing dirt, dust, and debris that can cause scratches. They also help distribute the weight of foot traffic or furniture, minimizing wear and tear on specific areas of the floor.

By incorporating these preventative measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of scratches on your hardwood floors. Protective pads or felt glides, lifting furniture, and using area rugs or mats effectively safeguard your floors, preserving their beauty and ensuring they stay in excellent condition for years to come.

Minimize Sun Exposure:

Minimizing sun exposure is crucial for maintaining the color and appearance of hardwood floors. Here’s an explanation of why it’s important and how to minimize sun damage:

Understanding sun damage: Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause hardwood floors to fade and discolor over time. UV rays from the sun can gradually bleach the wood, resulting in uneven coloration and a loss of vibrancy. Certain wood species are more susceptible to sun damage than others.

Window coverings: Install curtains, blinds, or shades on windows to regulate the amount of sunlight entering the room. These window coverings can be adjusted to block or filter the sun’s rays during peak hours of the day. UV-protective window film is another option that can be applied directly to the windows to reduce the intensity of UV rays.

Rotating rugs and furniture: To minimize sun damage, regularly rotate area rugs and furniture that are placed on the hardwood floor. This helps distribute the effects of sun exposure across different areas, preventing uneven fading and discoloration.

Tinted windows: If excessive sun exposure is a concern, consider applying tinted window film or using window treatments with UV-filtering properties. These measures can significantly reduce the amount of harmful UV radiation that reaches the hardwood floor.

Use of rugs or mats: In areas where sunlight directly hits the floor, such as near windows or glass doors, placing rugs or mats can provide an extra layer of protection. These coverings help shield the hardwood from direct sunlight, reducing the impact of UV rays and preventing color fading.

By minimizing sun exposure through the use of window coverings, rotating furniture and rugs, and considering tinted windows or UV-filtering treatments, you can effectively protect your hardwood floors from sun damage. These practices help preserve the natural color and beauty of the wood, ensuring your floors maintain their aesthetic appeal for years to come.

Prevent Grit and Dirt:

Preventing the accumulation of grit and dirt is essential for maintaining the cleanliness and longevity of hardwood floors. Here’s an explanation of why it’s important and how to prevent grit and dirt:

  • Understanding the impact of grit and dirt: Grit and dirt act as abrasive particles that can scratch and damage the surface of hardwood floors. Over time, these particles can wear away the protective finish and make the floor appear dull and worn.
  • Use doormats at entryways: Place doormats at all entryways, both inside and outside the house. These mats help capture dirt, dust, and debris from shoes before it gets tracked onto the hardwood floor. Encourage family members and guests to wipe their feet thoroughly on the mats to prevent dirt from being spread throughout the house.
  • Remove shoes: Establish a no-shoes policy or provide an area for shoes to be removed near the entrance. Shoes can track in dirt, small rocks, and other abrasive materials that can damage the floor. Removing shoes at the entrance helps minimize the amount of grit and dirt brought onto the hardwood floor.
  • Regular sweeping or vacuuming: Regularly sweep or vacuum the hardwood floor to remove loose dirt and debris. Use a soft-bristle broom or a vacuum cleaner with a hardwood floor attachment to avoid scratching the surface. Pay attention to high-traffic areas and areas prone to collecting more dirt, such as near entrances and under furniture.
  • Dry mop or damp mop: Use a dry mop or a slightly damp mop to clean the floor, depending on the level of dirtiness. Dry mopping helps remove surface dust and dirt, while damp mopping with a well-wrung mop or a hardwood floor cleaner helps lift away stubborn dirt and grime.
  • Wipe up spills immediately: Spills should be promptly wiped up to prevent any liquid from seeping into the wood and causing staining or warping. Use a clean, dry cloth or paper towel to absorb the spill and ensure the area is thoroughly dried.

By implementing these preventive measures, you can minimize the presence of grit and dirt on your hardwood floors.

Regular Maintenance:

Regular maintenance is key to preserving the beauty and condition of hardwood floors. Here’s an explanation of the recommended practices for regular maintenance:

Trim pets’ nails: Pets with long nails can inadvertently scratch and damage the surface of hardwood floors. Keeping their nails trimmed helps prevent scratches and minimizes the risk of damage caused by their movement on the floor. Regular nail trimming or using protective nail covers for pets can significantly reduce the chances of scratches.

Avoid high heels or sports cleats: Walking on hardwood floors with high heels or sports cleats can cause indentations and scratches. The narrow heel or cleat points create concentrated pressure on the floor, potentially damaging the wood surface. It’s best to avoid wearing such footwear or use protective caps on high heels to prevent unnecessary damage.

Refinishing or resealing: Over time, hardwood floors can lose their luster and develop wear and tear. Consider refinishing or resealing the floor every few years to restore its shine and protect the wood. This process involves sanding down the existing finish, applying a new coat of finish, and potentially staining the wood to revitalize its appearance. Consulting a professional flooring expert can help determine the appropriate timing and method for refinishing based on the condition of your hardwood floors.

By consistently trimming pets’ nails, avoiding high heels or sports cleats on the floor, and periodically refinishing or resealing the hardwood, you can maintain the floor’s aesthetics and extend its lifespan. Regular maintenance ensures that your hardwood floors continue to be a timeless and elegant feature in your home.


How do I keep my hardwood floors shiny?

To keep hardwood floors shiny, regularly clean them with a pH-neutral cleaner, avoid excessive water, and periodically apply a hardwood floor polish or refinish the surface as needed.

Is it OK to mop wood floors with water?

While it’s generally safe to use a damp mop on hardwood floors, it’s important to avoid excessive water. A slightly damp mop or a hardwood floor cleaner is recommended to prevent water damage to the wood.

What should you not put on a hardwood floor?

You should avoid putting harsh chemicals, ammonia-based cleaners, wax-based products, abrasive scrubbers, and excessive water on hardwood floors, as they can cause damage and negatively affect the appearance and longevity of the wood.

Are hardwood floors hard to maintain? 

Hardwood floors are generally easy to maintain with regular cleaning and preventive measures. With proper care and attention, such as avoiding excessive moisture and scratches, hardwood floors can retain their beauty and durability for a long time.

Does hot water damage wood floors? 

Yes, hot water can potentially damage wood floors. Excessive heat can cause the wood to expand or warp, leading to structural issues. It’s best to use lukewarm or slightly warm water when cleaning hardwood floors to avoid any potential damage.

How long do hardwood floors last?

With proper care and maintenance, hardwood floors can last for several decades or even a century, making them a long-lasting and durable flooring option for homes.


In conclusion, maintenance hardwood flooring requires consistent care and attention. By following a few essential guidelines, you can ensure that your floors remain beautiful and durable for years to come. Regular cleaning, avoiding excessive moisture, using appropriate cleaning products, and protecting against scratches are crucial steps in maintaining the floor’s appearance. Additionally, minimizing sun exposure, preventing the accumulation of grit and dirt, and practicing regular maintenance like trimming pets’ nails and avoiding damaging footwear contribute to the longevity of hardwood floors. Finally, considering refinishing or resealing the floor periodically can help restore its shine and protect the wood. With proper maintenance, your hardwood floors will continue to be a timeless and elegant feature in your home, adding warmth and beauty to your living space.

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